# Gearing Ratio

Experienced MentorRegistered Posts: 580
Hi Guys

Hope you are all well on this lovely snowy day!

I have a skills test this evening, and try as I might I can never remember the correct formula for working out gearing ratios. :confused1:

I have a couple of formulas written down, can someone simplify it for me please so I can cram it into my addled brain over the next few hours!!

Thanks

Trace

• Settling In Nicely Registered Posts: 20
Hi there

This may or may not help! But I will give it a go.

Gearing ratios assess the amount of long term capital in the company as this can be an element of risk.

Loan capital/capital employed x 100

Loan capital could be debenture stock.

I was studying ratios on Friday last week and gave myself a big headache.
Good luck for tonight!
• Font Of All Knowledge Registered, Moderator Posts: 2,034
There are many gearing ratios
The one of the most common is the one Trace wrote
Loan capital/capital employed x 100
My advice, irrespective of the formula you use, spell out exactly what you have done
i.e. Ratio name....formula in words....working/calculation.....the ratio itself.....your interpretation
Sandy
[email protected]
www.sandyhood.com
• Experienced Mentor Registered Posts: 580
Hi Mrskingy and Sandy

Thanks a lot for the advice

Not sure why this particular formula gets me in a tizzy!

I will take all of your valued points on board, and hopefully if it comes up in tonights skills test I will be able to work it out correctly now!

Thanks again

Trace
• Font Of All Knowledge Registered Posts: 1,800
this is not even in my bpp book

thanks everyone

Tracy
• Well-Known Registered Posts: 111
Hi Everyone,

Could anyone explain me a term "capital Employed"? I am so confused

ROCE = profit before taxation and interest / Capital Employed

Borrowing ratio = Loan capital / Total Capital Employed

What is the different between Capital Employed and Total capital Employed?

I thought that the capital Employed = Fixed assets +current assets -current liabilities - long term liabilities ( the same as a the amount in section "financed by" in BS...

So confused... and the exams are so close.....
• Experienced Mentor Registered Posts: 715
this is not even in my bpp book

thanks everyone

Tracy
Or in the Kaplan book, nice to know for once both of us have an essential item missing. SOmeone else posted a while back that it was in the Unit 11 book, lot of use that is? Don't want to have to buy a course I don't need yet.
• Experienced Mentor Registered Posts: 715
hanapospis wrote: »
Hi Everyone,

Could anyone explain me a term "capital Employed"? I am so confused

ROCE = profit before taxation and interest / Capital Employed

Borrowing ratio = Loan capital / Total Capital Employed

What is the different between Capital Employed and Total capital Employed?

I thought that the capital Employed = Fixed assets +current assets -current liabilities - long term liabilities ( the same as a the amount in section "financed by" in BS...

So confused... and the exams are so close.....
I am not sure but is it not possibly the same thing but written out by a different parson?
• Well-Known Registered Posts: 121
hi everyone

CAPITAL EMPLOYED = CAPITAL AMOUNT(THAT IS SHAREHOLDERS FUNDS, RESERVES ETCT ETC) + LONG TERM LIABILITIES

keep in mind capital is different frm capital employed

ps:hanapospis Fixed assets +current assets -current liabilities - long term liabilities IS CAPITAL NOT CAPITAL EMPLOYED
• Font Of All Knowledge Registered, Moderator Posts: 2,034
This appears to be a confusing thread.
1. Total Capital Employed = Capital Employed
2. As a balance sheet by definition, balances you can find how much has been invested in the business in different ways.
3. Way number 1. Fixed Assets (or Non-current assets) plus Current Assets less Current Liabilities
4. Way number 2. Shareholders Funds (Equity including OSC and Reserves) plus Long-term liabilities

Some examiner questions don't help (but I'd say I'm happy with the AAT examiners on this topic)

NB for MAC and PEV
I Do not expect to see ROCE questions on either paper.
The examiner prefers to use RONA, and net assets are
1. Way number 1. Fixed Assets (or Non-current assets) plus Current Assets less Current Liabilities less long term liabilities
2. Way number 2. Shareholders Funds (Equity including OSC and Reserves)
Sandy
[email protected]
www.sandyhood.com
• Font Of All Knowledge Registered Posts: 1,800
SandyHood wrote: »
Do not expect to see ROCE questions on either paper.
The examiner prefers to use RONA, and net assets are
1. Way number 1. Fixed Assets (or Non-current assets) plus Current Assets less Current Liabilities less long term liabilities
2. Way number 2. Shareholders Funds (Equity including OSC and Reserves)

that would have stumped me in the PEV exam for sure.

Thanks Sandy, as ever you are brill.

Tracy
• Font Of All Knowledge Registered Posts: 1,800
PAMDILL wrote: »
Or in the Kaplan book, nice to know for once both of us have an essential item missing. SOmeone else posted a while back that it was in the Unit 11 book, lot of use that is? Don't want to have to buy a course I don't need yet.

i have just bought unit 11 (ever hopeful i will pass 8&9) so i will dig it out and fax what i have again if that is ok?

Tracy
• Feels At Home Registered Posts: 29
Gearing Ratio

Gearing ratio is an excellent tool for professional analysts . It is simply a comparison of the company's debt and its equity, to determine who's really finacing the company's operations- the shareholders or the bank.

The standard formula is :

Gearing = Loans/loans+equity capital

if the gearing figure is more than 60%, it is generally reported high; 100% is very high.

Less than 20% could be taken as low. but in all cases it depends upon the prevailing circumstances at the time and what point of comparison is.
• Experienced Mentor Registered Posts: 715
i have just bought unit 11 (ever hopeful i will pass 8&9) so i will dig it out and fax what i have again if that is ok?

Tracy
Fantastic, I was holding off on Unit 11 as Kaplan automatically enter you for the next exam sitting no matter what you say when you order the material and then charge you £50 to change the date. I am going to try and get Unit 10 out the way first.

Was thinking of swapping Providers but posted a thread asking what would happen about assessing my portfolio if I changed and no-one has answered so no idea what to do.