Kaplan Home Study  BUDGETING
PhilipG
Registered Posts: 26 Regular contributor ⭐
Hello everyone
Is anyone doing Budgeting through home study or perhps you are Technician qualified  please get in touch
Thanks Philip
Is anyone doing Budgeting through home study or perhps you are Technician qualified  please get in touch
Thanks Philip
0
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Hi Philip...
Is budgeting aka unit 8...? I get confused with the new context. I ams tudying for
Unit 8:PEV with Kaplan.0 
I've just begun 'budgeting' via Kaplan. It seems to have some elements of ECR (absorption and marginal costing) and some from 'reports and returns' such as time series and trends etc, probably as revision.0

Hi there yes budgeting could be unit 8 or 9 as I have last years book Management Performance and Resources but Kaplan don't call them units0

Unit 8 Variances
Could anyone give me any useful tips on learning the variances...(price / usage variance etc)? I seem to be struggling with these as each paper has a different format...I get used to working them out one way and then have to find another way when I attempt another paper...!0 
Variances
I gues your working on chapter 5/6  I can't guide u at this point as I too am experiencing the same issues  I attemped a workbook exercise yesterday no. of days stock now the book has the formula stock/???? haven't got book in front of me then x 365  the answer in the book was x 12 i.e. months  I feel the books and some learning materials are not consistant  another was working out current RPI/RPI at the beginning of the period and creating this as a percentage  the answer was 168/160 subtract 1 (the whole number) and multiply by 100  nowhere in the book does it mention about subtracting the "whole" number (168/160 = 1.05 then minus the 1 and x 100) very misleading unless you are working in abn environment whereby you are using them every day0 
Unit 8 Variances
Philip...
I have looked back on past comments on the forum and I seem to have found this post very useful...however crude it is...
Material & Labour variances  PURE / AS AS
Price = (standard  actual) x Actual
Usgae = (standard  actual) x Standard
Rate = (standard  actual) x Actual
Efficiency = (standard  actual) x Standard
Fixed Overhead variances  Even Chickens Eat veg / But All Suggestions State All Blokes Are B**tards
Expenditure = Budget  Actual
Capacity = Actual  Budget
Expenditure = Standard  Actual
Volume = Standard  Budget
Not sure if this will be of use to you but I've found it a real help!0 
Thanks Princess05  so what's your name then x I am using the Kaplan books but haven't read chapters 5 + 6 Standard costing + variance analysis and... Investigating and reporting variances.
Now I spoke with a tutor at kaplan the other day and he told me Kaplan were in discussion with AAT re if these parts were relavent to the exam so i haven't currently read them  having said that chapter 7 talks of variances so i may end up reading those chapters.
I am confident when reading the chapters but seem to have a barrier inside me when it comes to the questions  and struggle to answer anything  admittingly AAT Level 4 is harder than Foundation and intermediate put together but just feel inferior at times when studying0 
Re Variances  I found this Princess05
VARIANCES
Material Price Variance
Basically the difference between the price they paid for what they used, and the price they should have paid (using the standard/Budgeted Cost) for the actual quantity.
ie. A nail (Hammer and Nail!!) Standard Cost is £3, they bought 4 Nails for £10. The Material Price Variance is then  (4x£3)  £10 = £2 Favourable. It's favourable because they paid less than they should have
Material Usage Variance
Basically the difference of how much material/units they should have used and how much they did use, you then times this by the standard cost per unit.
PS this isn't my work
ie. A Box of Nails Should Contain 100 Nails, in production of making 1 box they used 110 Nails, the material usage variance is (100110) x £3 = £30 Adverse. This is adverse because they used more than they should have. Remember to multiply the difference by the STANDARD cost of the unit.
Labour Price Variance
Basically the same as Material Price Variance, the difference between how much labour should have cost and how much it did.
ie. A employees standard labour rate £5, they spent £16.50 on three labour hours. The formula is (3x£5)  £16.50 = £1.50 Adverse, it's adverse because they spent more than they should have
Labour Usage Variance
Basically The same as material usage variance, how many hours they should have spent on labour, and how many they did. At the Standard Rate!!
ie. An employee makes 10 boxes of nails in an hour, 50 Boxes of nails were made in 7 hours. It should have taken the employee 5 hours, therefore the formula is (57) x £5 (Standard Cost) = £10 Adverse (Because they spent more than they should have!
FIXED OVERHEAD VARIANCES
Fixed Overhead Expenditure Variance
Budgeted Costs of FO  Actual Costs of FO  Nice and Simple!
ie. Budgeted Costs for Fixed Overheads were £100,000, they actualy spent £108,000. Therefore 100,000108,000= 8000, it's adverse because more was spent than planned.
Fixed Overhead Volume Variance
Absorption Rate x (Standard for Actual Output  Budgeted Output)
The absorption rate in normally stated in the exams, it is important to look whether it's units based or hours based, and then the bits inside the brackets will be the same, the formula's below work on the same principal.
Fixed Overhead Efficiency Variance
Absorption Rate x (Standard for Actual Output  Actual Taken)
Fixed Overhead Capacity Ratio
Absorption Rate x (Actual Taken  Standard Hours for Budgeted Output)
The best tip for fixed overhead is to make sure that the Capacity Ratio + Efficiency Ratio = Volume Ratio (Remember one, or both the numbers might be negative)0 
Unit 8: PEV Variances
This is my last exam and I am finding it rather difficult to grasp the concept of all the variances...
I am similiar to you where I find the chapters an easy read but when putting pen to paper in order to complete a task myself I am struggling with this PEV. At times I feel like I am wasting my time.
Have you just started Technician level...?
Natalie0 
Hi Natalie yes started level 4 through Kaplan currently working through budgeting but the formulas are throwing me take ROCE net profit before interest and tax divided by capital and reserves and long term debts I understand that but the answer shows net profit before interest and tax divided by total assets less current liabilities it is so confusing Philip0

To be honest Philip I think you need a sound understanding of ebery topic before you can even begin to learn the formulae for any of them as there are so many different ways of methods of calculating them...I'm still struggling with these variances0

I think you are right  the only thing i find is that if you sit and study for long enough it does seem to fall into place, but like with me on Budgeting  you make a little headway and then bang!! something else doesn't register and studying to me just seems at times to go around in circles0
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