Credit Control Question

Struggling with an exam question, hope somebody can help!

A company is owed £55200 inc VAT, it is credit insured. How much should the company make a credit insurance claim for, make a provision for and claim VAT for?

Answers: Credit insurance claim = £36800

Provision = £9200

VAT claim= £9200



  • CeeJaySix
    CeeJaySix Registered Posts: 645
    £9,200 is the VAT element (£55,200 gross / 120 x 20).

    Output VAT on bad debts is recoverable from HMRC. Therefore the balance (ie. the net bad debt) is claimed from the insurance company.

    The need for a provision for the VAT I would guess is to do with how the question is worded - has the debtor gone into liquidation or similar?
  • SandyHood
    SandyHood Registered, Moderator Posts: 2,034
    The circumstances would need to be that the debtor has been identified as a bad debt. Typically this means the debtor is insolvent and no longer trading.
    We currently have a debit balance on our accounts receivable ledger of £55,200
    To write this off:
    1. Claim the VAT back (which would have been included in our VAT return relating to the sale)
      Debit VAT £9,200 (20% of the net value of the sale £46,000)
      Credit the Receivable account of the insolvent customer
    2. Make a claim from the credit insurer (this is typically 80% of all the accounts receivable (although there are other arrangements that can be made)
      Debit Insurance claim receivable £36,800 (80% x £46,000 debt)
      Credit Receivable account of insolvent customer
    3. This leaves the uninsured part of the debt (20% of £46,000)
      Debit Bad Debt (your answer says provision but it could be written off to the PorL) £9,200
      Credit Receivable account of insolvent customer
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