Dispoal of Fixed Assets and Part-exchange allowance

Hunta Registered Posts: 3 New contributor ?

I'm new to this forum and I'm hoping that someone can help me with the question below. I seem to have a mental block with anything to do with disposal and part exchange of fixed asset!! The question was taken from(FRA) December 2005

Sam James part-exchanged his business vehicle during the year.
• The original cost of the vehicle which was part-exchanged was £12,000.
• The net book value of the vehicle which was part-exchanged was £6,144.
• £10,000 was paid from the bank account. The amount was credited to the
bank account and debited to the vehicles at cost account.
• A part-exchange allowance of £3,500 was given.
(d) A full year’s depreciation needs to be provided on the new vehicle at 25%
reducing balance.

Thanks to anyone that can help me! :001_smile:


  • peugeot
    peugeot Registered Posts: 624
    With these types of questions, the first thing to do is to understand the original entries. When the car (that was part exchanged) was purchased, the entries would have been debit vehicles credit bank. Over the period we have charged depreciation which is credit vehicle depreciation, debit depreciation in the profit and loss account.

    When it comes to disposing of this asset you're simply reversing the entries above.

    On Disposal

    Credit motor vehicles (balance sheet) £12,000 (the original entry would have been a debit)
    Debit profit and loss on sale of vehicles £12,000

    Being disposal of motor vehicle cost

    Debit motor vehicle depreciation (bal sheet) (12,000 - 6144) £5,856
    Credit profit and loss on sale of vehicles £5,856

    Being reversal of accumulated depreciation charged todate

    Debit Motor vehicle cost £3,500
    Credit Profit and loss on sale of vehicle £3,500

    Being part ex allowance given on vehicle This journal is done because the origianl cost price of the vehicle would have cost an extra £3,500 had there been no other vehicle to part-ex.

    Those journals gets rid of the vehicle in the books and calculates the profit/loss. The next thing is to bring in the new vehicle.

    Motor vehicle addition

    Debit motor vehicles £10,000
    Credit cash £10,000

    Being cash paid from bank for new vehicle This journal has already been done in your question, so don't duplicate it (i've illustrated this to show how the journal would be done.

    Balance Sheet Extract

    Motor vehicles (£3,500 + £10,000) £13,500
    Motor vehicle depreciation (£13,500 x 25%) £3,375

    Net book value of the new vehicle is therefore (13,500 - 3.375) £10,125

    Profit and loss extract

    Motor vehicle depreciation charge for the year £3,375

    Profit/Loss on Sale of Vehicles:
    Cost................................................ £12,000
    Eliminated depreciation on disposal.........(£5,856)
    Trade in value....................................(£3,500)
    Loss on disposal per accounts............... £2,644
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