Pev question

NAJCNAJC Feels At HomePosts: 44Registered
I have been given this question and have absolutly no idea where to start ?.
Any help is much appreciated.

the standard cost for one widget is
Quantity Unit Total
Direct materials 3kg £6 £18
direct labour 0.5 hrs £8 £4
fixed overheads 0.5 hrs £50 £25
_______
£47

budgeted monthly production is 8000 widgets
actual production is 10000 widgets
28500 kgs material were purchased for £176700
5300 hrs were worked at a cost of £8.10 per hr
overheads were absorbed on a direct labour hour basis
actual fixed production overheads were £212000

calculate :
the budgeted production overheads
the actual price of material per kg
standard cost of actual production using absorbtion costing
standard cost of actual production using marginal costing
the materials price and usage variances
the labour rate and efficiency variances
the fixed overhead expenditure, capacity, volume and efficiency variance


then reconcile the standard absorbtion cost of actual production with the actual cost
reconcile the standard marginal cost

AHH HELP PLEASE !

Comments

  • TerdooTerdoo Well-Known Posts: 144Registered
    Re: Pev

    Hello

    Just to find out, have you done Pev in the past? if so do you know the difference between absorption costing and marginal costing? it is good to know the differences before going through with the question given.

    Just a quick clue,
    Budgeted monthly production is 8000 widget * £6.00 = 48000
    Actual Material price cost is £176700/28500 = £6.20
    Therefore the budgeted material cost is =£6.00

    Hope this help
  • SandyHoodSandyHood Font Of All Knowledge Posts: 2,034Registered, Moderator
    the budgeted production overheads

    the standard cost for one widget is

    fixed overheads 0.5 hrs £50 per hour

    Budgeted production 8000 widgets
    so budgeted hours 8000 widgets x 0.5 hrs per widget = 4,000 hours

    4,000 hours @ £50 per hour = £200,000
    Sandy
    [email protected]om
    www.sandyhood.com
  • SandyHoodSandyHood Font Of All Knowledge Posts: 2,034Registered, Moderator
    standard cost of actual production using absorption costing

    standard cost of actual production using absorption costing

    standard absorbtion cost of actual production
    standard cost of one widget £47
    x units produced 10,000
    standard cost of actual production using absorption costing = £470,000
    Sandy
    [email protected]
    www.sandyhood.com
  • SandyHoodSandyHood Font Of All Knowledge Posts: 2,034Registered, Moderator
    standard cost of actual production using marginal costing

    standard cost of actual production using marginal costing

    standard marginal cost of actual production
    standard marginal cost of one widget £22
    x units produced 10,000
    standard cost of actual production using absorption costing = £220,000
    Sandy
    [email protected]
    www.sandyhood.com
  • sdvsdv Experienced Mentor Posts: 585Registered
    NAJC wrote: »
    I have been given this question and have absolutly no idea where to start ?.
    Any help is much appreciated.

    the standard cost for one widget is
    //////////////////..............Quantity..............Unit..........Total
    Direct materials.................3kg...................£6............£18
    direct labour.....................0.5 hrs..............£8.............£4
    fixed overheads.................0.5 hrs.............£50............£25
    _______
    .............................................................................£47
      budgeted monthly production is 8000 widgets
      actual production is 10000 widgets
      28500 kgs material were purchased for £176700
      5300 hrs were worked at a cost of £8.10 per hr
      overheads were absorbed on a direct labour hour basis
      actual fixed production overheads were £212000
    
    calculate :
    [highlight]1 the budgeted production overheads[/highlight]
    
      Each unit will absorb £25 in overheads
      Therefore budgeted production = 8000 units x £25 = £200,000
    
    [highlight]2 the actual price of material per kg[/highlight]
    
      Actual material price paid divide by actual material weight 
      £176,700 / 28,500kg = £6.20 per kg
    
    
    [highlight]3 standard cost of actual production using absorption costing[/highlight]
    
      standard cost per unit is £47
      Actual production is 10,000 units
      Therefore 10,000 x £47 = £470,000
    
    [highlight]4 standard cost of actual production using marginal costing[/highlight]
      standard marginal cost = (18+4) = £22
      std cost of Actual Marginal costing = 10,000 units x £22 = £220,000
    
    [highlight]5 the materials price and usage variances[/highlight]
    
      	Price Variance 
      		budgeted price =£6
      		Actual price paid = £6.20 – more then budgeted therefore ADVERSE
     		 (£6.20 - £6.00) x 28,500 = £5700 Adverse
    
    	Usage Variance
    		Budgeted usage  3 kg (3 x 10,000 = 30,000 kg)
    		Actual Usage = 28,500 kg Less then budgeted therefore FAVOURABLE
    		(30,000 kg – 28,500kg) x £6 = £9,000 Favourable
    
    
    	[b]Double Check
    		Flex Material budget at 10,000 units (10,000 x £18)=£180,000 expected to pay
    		£180,000 less £176,700 = £3,300 FAVOURABLE (paid less then expected)
    		Price Variance plus Usage variance = Total Variance
    		£5,700 (A) + £9,000 (F) = £3,300 FAVOURABLE = AGREED!  [/b]
     
    
    
    [highlight]6 the labour rate and efficiency variances[/highlight]
    
    	Labour Rate Variance
    
    		Expected to pay per hr £8.00
    		Actual paid per hr £8.10  more then expected therefore ADVERSE
    		(£8.10 – £8.00) X 5300 HRS = £530 ADVERSE
    
    	Efficiency Variance
    
    		Expected to use hrs to produce 10,000 units = 10,000 x 0.50 = 5000 hrs
    		Actual hrs used to produce 10,000 units = 5300 hrs- more then expected ADVERSE variance
    		(5300-5000) x £8.00 = £2,400 ADVERSE
    
    
    	[b]Double Check
    		Flex Labour budget at 10,000 units (10,000 x £4)=£40,000 expected to pay
    		£40,000 less (5300 Hrs X £8.10= £42930= £2,930 ADVERSE (paid more then expected)
    		Rate Variance Efficiency variance = Total Variance
    		£530 (A) + £2,400 (A) = £2,830 ADVERSE = AGREED!   [/b]
    
    
    
    
    [highlight]7 the fixed overhead expenditure, capacity, volume and efficiency variance[/highlight]
    
    	Fixed Overhead Expenditure Variance
    
    		Budgeted  O heads less Actual O heads
    		£200,000 – £212,000 = £12,000 ADVERSE
    
    	FO Volume (Production) Variance
    		Budgeted Hrs = 8000units  * 0.5 hr = 4000 hrs
    		Expected Hrs = 10,000 units * 0.5Hrs = 5000 hrs
    		(5000 – 4000) x £50 = £50,000 FAVOURABLE (more then budgeted)
    
    	FO Capacity Variance 
    		Budgeted Hrs = 8000 units * 0.5 hr = 4000 hrs
    		Actual Hrs used to Absorb overheads = 5300 hrs
    		(5300 – 4000) x£50 = £65,000 FAVOURABLE
    
    	FO efficiency variance
    		Expected Hrs = 10,000 units * 0.5Hrs = 5000 hrs
    		Actual Hrs used to Absorb overheads = 5300 hrs
    		(5300 -5000) X£50 = £15,000 ADVERSE
    
    	[b][highlight]Double Check
    		Capacity variance plus Efficiency variance = Volume (production) Variance
    		£65,000 (F) + £15,000 (A) = £50,000 (F) = Agreed[/highlight]
    
    
    	Double Check
    		Flex Fixed Overheads budget at 10,000 units (10,000 x £25)=£250,000 expected to absorb Overheads
    		Actual Fixed Overheads = £212,000 
    		Total Fixed Overhead Variance = £250,000 - £212,000 = £38,000 FAVOURABLE 
    
    		Expenditure Variance less Volume (production) variance = Total Fixed Overhead Variance
    		£12,000(A) + £50,000 (F) = £38,000 = Agreed![/b]
    
    
    
    
    
    [highlight]8 [b]reconcile the standard absorption cost of actual production with the actual cost [/b][/highlight]
    
    						 £		£		£
    	Standard Cost of 10,000 units   						470,000
    
    	Material Price Variance					 5,700 (A)
    	Material Usage Variance			9,000 (F)
    
    	Labour Rate Variance					    530 (A)
    	Labour Efficiency Variance				2,400 (A)
    
    	Fixed Overheads Expenditure variance			12,000 (A)
    	FO Volume (production) variance		50,000(F)
    
    	Total Variances				59,000(F)	20,630 (A)	38,370 (F)
    
    	Actual Production Cost							431,630
    
    	Material				176,700
    	Labour (5300 x 8.10)			  42,930
    	Overheads				212,000				431,630	
    
    
    [highlight]9 [b]reconcile the Standard Marginal cost of actual production with the actual cost [/b][/highlight]
    
    						 £		£		£
    	Std Marginal Cost of 10,000 units   						220,000
    
    	Material Price Variance					 5,700 (A)
    	Material Usage Variance			9,000 (F)
    
    	Labour Rate Variance					    530 (A)
    	Labour Efficiency Variance				2,400 (A)
    
    	Total Variances				9,000(F)	8,630 (A)	         370 (F)
    
    	Actual Production Cost							       219,630
    
    	Material				176,700
    	Labour (5300 x 8.10)			  42,930				219,630
    
    
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