Unit 15- cash management question

twinpeaks
twinpeaks New MemberRegistered Posts: 5
Please can someone help me? I had to retake this unit and one of the questions I had to answer was this:
Give reasons why a cash flow based on actual cash in and actual cash out might differ from a profit and loss account?
The reasons I gave were:
Non cash expenses, purchase of fixed assets,sale of fixed assets.

Can someone tell me if these are correct and if not, what are the reasons. I do not want to come up against it again without knowing what they are.

Thank you

Comments

  • SandyHood
    SandyHood Font Of All Knowledge Registered, Moderator Posts: 2,034
    Non cash expenses, purchase of fixed assets,sale of fixed assets.
    Good points. Did you explain [size=+2]how[/size] they cause the difference?

    Can you think of any more?

    What about pre-payments, accruals, credit puchases and credit sales?
    [size=+2] How [/size]might they contribute to a difference?
    Sandy
    [email protected]
    www.sandyhood.com
  • twinpeaks
    twinpeaks New Member Registered Posts: 5
    Hi Sandy, thanks for replying. Wasn't too sure about the hows. Please explain. I think I got muddled or rather brain just shut down and I made a mess of it. Dear God, that means I am going to fail this.
  • sdv
    sdv Experienced Mentor Registered Posts: 585
    twinpeaks wrote: »
    Please can someone help me? I had to retake this unit and one of the questions I had to answer was this:
    Give reasons why a cash flow based on actual cash in and actual cash out might differ from a profit and loss account?
    The reasons I gave were:
    Non cash expenses, purchase of fixed assets,sale of fixed assets.

    Can someone tell me if these are correct and if not, what are the reasons. I do not want to come up against it again without knowing what they are.

    Thank you

    Profit (Loss) is derived from Income less expenses.

    There are some income that are not directly related to receipts of Cash - eg profit on a sale of an asset.

    however from the actual cash receipts point of view, the sales value of the fixed assets is received in cash

    Certain expenses are only book transactions and does not involve Cash - eg Depreciation. It reduces profit but does not reduce cash

    same for expense accruals - it increases the expense - thus reduce the profit but does not affect th actual cash balance.

    similarly payment or reducing your creditors (bank loan) does not affect your profit but reduces your actual cash

    I am sure now you can work out the effects of prepayment and purchase of new assets on cash and profits.
  • SandyHood
    SandyHood Font Of All Knowledge Registered, Moderator Posts: 2,034
    Stop panicking

    I am sure you wouldn't have got to this level without knowing the answers to questions such as:
    1. How does the purchase of a fixed asset cause the net cash flow and the profit (or loss) to be different?
    2. How does the sale of a fixed asset cause the net cash flow and the profit (or loss) to be different?
    3. How does depreciation of fixed assets cause the net cash flow and the profit (or loss) to be different?

    Then do the same with the other possible causes.
    Sandy
    [email protected]
    www.sandyhood.com
  • twinpeaks
    twinpeaks New Member Registered Posts: 5
    Thank you Sandy and SDV for your help. I have gone through it and I think I get it now.For example, the purchase of a fixed asset is usually a large cash outflow but the only amount charged to the profit and loss account is the annual depreciation and not the entire cost of the asset. Likewise the non cash expenses such as provision for doubtful debts are charged to profit and loss as expenses they don't affect the cash balance of the business.
    I hope thats correct. Thank you again, much appreciated.
  • SandyHood
    SandyHood Font Of All Knowledge Registered, Moderator Posts: 2,034
    Good
    Sandy
    [email protected]
    www.sandyhood.com
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